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Reading and Phonics at Grasmere

 

Phonics 

 

Phonics teaching at Grasmere is effective and ensures children of all abilities make good progress from their starting points.  Phonics is taught daily through the DFE approved Letters and Sounds programme.  The teaching of Phase 1 phonics begins in our 2 year old provision and continues into Nursery.  At this stage the focus is on developing Phase 1 skills such as auditory discrimination and helping children to isolate specific sounds in the environment.  A range of games and speaking and listening opportunities are used to develop skills.  By the end of Nursery we aim for children to be secure in Phase 1 phonics so they are ready for the next part of their phonics journey in Reception.

The teaching of reading using Letters and Sounds continues through Reception and Key Stage 1.  During this time children will continue to learn sounds and their corresponding letter groups.  During a 30minute daily phonics session children will revisit and review previous sounds; be taught a new sound; practise this through reading, writing and spelling activities and finally begin to apply their skills. 

Through regular half termly assessments children are grouped to ensure learning best meets their needs and that learning has been consolidated. 

Support with phonics continues into Key Stage 2 where pupil need has identified this.  Phonics teaching will continue to help ensure children become confident at decoding and develop fluency.  Where children are secure in their phonics knowledge they begin to build on skills through the Read Write Inc spelling scheme. 

 

 

Please see the link below for our term by term progression of phonics skills.

 

If you would like to support your child at home with their phonics learning please see the links below for phonics based games.

Developing early reading skills in EYFS and KS1

Early readers also need to develop some key comprehension skills in order for them to understand text.  As well as discrete phonics teaching, pupils will be engaged in regular story telling sessions using high quality text; discussions of text across the curriculum; shared and guided reading and continuous access to reading areas in school.  Our language rich curriculum helps to immerse pupils to support comprehension skills.  Alongside applying phonics to decodable words, there is a focus on common exception words. Regular teaching and assessment helps to embed knowledge of these words

Reading books to support learning
At Grasmere we select from a range of books spanning different reading schemes to ensure they match the sounds being taught within phonics lessons.  
To support phonics and decoding:
  • Phonics Bug
  • Oxford Reading Tree
To support development of other reading skills:
  • Collins Big Cat
  • PM
  • Tree Tops
  • Fire flies
  • Heinemann Rapid
Teachers will carefully select reading scheme books to match the needs of pupils and where the child is on their reading journey.
Typically pupils will take home 2 books, one of which supports development of phonics, alongside another to support development of fluency and other comprehension skills. In order to help parents and pupils understand the purpose of their books, bookmarks indicate which book is which.  All children read a minimum of at least once a week with an adult, with the majority being heard a minimum of twice a week.
 
Reading for pleasure
 
To foster a love of reading, pupils will also select their own choice of text to share with their grown up at home.  
We have a well stocked library showcasing a range of quality texts and authors which pupils access regularly.  
Our local library is on our doorstep and children also visit here regularly.  
We hold regular reading picnics which involve parents sharing books with their child.
 
 
Reading in KS2 
In Key Stage 2 children build on their reading skills through purposeful and planned reading activities.  These include
  • Shared and guided reading
  • Class novel time
  • Reading assemblies
  • Individual reading 
  • Paired reading
  • Visits to the Library
  • Reading Ambassadors
This range of activities teach key skills such as fluency, meaning breakdown and repair, text comparison, understanding language choice, inference and prediction. These strategies are taught using fiction, non fiction and poetry form a range of genre which develop understanding of language and literary heritage.